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Secretory otitis

Secretory otitis

Secretory otitis media is defined as the state with the secretion in the middle ear, behind the eardrum intact, with no signs and symptoms of acute inflammation. It is one of the most common diseases in children of preschool age. It is not an isolated disease of children, it can occur in adults but rarely.
The main symptom of the disease has impaired hearing, which grew easily detected and reported to the disorder of hearing, and in children manifests itself in ways that enhance the TV does not respond to the invitation of the parents or the environment, lagging behind the development of speech. In 40 - 50% of cases neither parents nor children do not perceive any symptoms of the disease.
Doctors in primary health care often do not recognize the disease and do not differ by acute otitis media, which is somewhat normal because they have not been closely specialized for ear, throat and nose. The disease is widespread at children. Scientific sources say that over 90% of children up to 7 years pass with one episode of otitis media with effusion. This state of occurrence of secretions behind the eardrum and can only pass, spontaneous outpouring of secretions through the Eustachian tube and the entry of air into the spaces of the middle ear or in 5- 10% leaves sequels: irreversible changes in the eardrum and middle ear, hearing loss and long-term stagnation of speech and language.
It represents a problem for most developed countries, where huge funds are allocated for the identification of the disease and timely treatment. It is necessary to encourage early detection of structural abnormalities of the eardrum, which are associated with secretory otitis. Best and definitely most effective way is to visit an otolaryngologist who will look eardrum under a microscope to make tympanometry examination and to determine with certainty whether it is on this condition.
The treatment of this condition includes monitoring the child for several months with appropriate treatment, and if there is no answer to this kind of treatment, it is necessary to short surgical intervention by placing aeration tubes.

About author

Specialist otolaryngologist, performed all kinds of diagnostic examinations related diseases diseases of ear, nose and throat, and head and neck region. He attended a large number of domestic and international congresses, symposia and courses, certificate holder of the same. Experience gained working in the Clinical Center. As a young doctor educated in Switzerland, at renowned ORL school in Austria.

dr Nemanja Pejakovic

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